Forensic Fashion
(c) 2006-present R. Macaraeg


>Costume Studies
>>1746 Javanese pendekar
Subjectpendekar warrior
Culture: Surakarta Javanese
Setting: wars of succession, Mataram sultanate 1704-1774

Context (Event Photos, Period Sources)




Swords (Golok, Kelewang, Parang, Pedang)


Daggers (Keris Surakarta, Keris Majapahit, Kudhi Wayang)



* Stone 1934 p665
"WEDONG.  A Javan ceremonial knife carried at court by all persons below the rank of princes. It has a blade shaped like that of the ordinary jungle knife but much shorter and broader; the handle is straight and fits into a socket on the end of the blade.  The sheath is of wood and has a very large horn belt hook on the back.  It is carried at the back on the right." [CONTRA van Zonneveld 2001 p153]

* van Zonneveld 2001 p152-153
A short, broad machete.  Its blade has a straight back and an S-shaped edge.  It may be made of smooth iron, but pamor forge work also occurs.  The back is sometimes sharpened along c.1/3 of its length from the point.  The blade's base is straight and stands at an angle of 90° to the back. This base usually has decorations shaped as filed-out indentations or small teeth (greneng).  A round 'eye' or hole (kembang kacang) is sometimes found. Furthermore, the base may be decorated with inlay work and representations of the mythical snake (naga), leaf and floral motifs.  The tang (peksi) is made out of the blade's thick back rim.  Between the spike and the blade, a pentagonal segment (metok) is forged.  The short hilt, which is pentagonal on Java, forms as it were, an extension of the metok.  The hilt is usually made of wood, but other materials such as animal tooth are also found.  Its smooth upper part is flattened. ... The wedung is carried in the palace (kraton) as a symbol of servitude to the sultan for performing such tasks as the cutting of shrubs (belukar) or even the most humble work such as grass cutting.  It is, therefore, no longer a real weapon but rather a work-tool carried on the left hip and used as personal decoration."  [CONTRA Stone 1934 p665]

* Tarassuk & Blair 1979 p500
"wedong (or wedung) A ceremonial Javanese knife with a broad blade, usually about 25 cm. (10 in.) long, with an S-shaped cutting edge. The horn handle is square in section and narrow, tapering toward the blade. The wooden sheath is mounted with bands of horn or braided cane and has a large belt hook of horn."