Forensic Fashion
(c) 2006-present R. Macaraeg


>Costume Studies
>>1745 Scot. ceann-cinnidh
Subjectceann-cinnidh clan chief
Culture: Scottish Highlander
Setting: Jacobite rebellions, Highland regiments, Scotland late 17th-18thc
Objectdag pistol

* DeWitt Wallace Museum > Masterworks
"Pair of Flintlock Pistols  John Campbell, Doune, Scotland, ca. 1750-1770, Iron, steel, and silver ...
Of the firearms produced in Great Britain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, all-metal pistols made in Scotland are the most culturally distinctive.  The uniquely Scottish features on this pair include metal stocks of the 'ram's horn' or 'scroll' buttstock form, belt hooks, silver inlays, hollow silver triggers and vent picks, and boldly executed engraving on all components.  Their maker, John Campbell, was part of a family whose gun production in Doune spanned from the end of the seventeenth century to the first decade of the nineteenth century, and is widely renowned today."
    "Although these pistols were quite capable of being used as weapons, their primary function was that of a piece of jewelry, instantly identifying its wearer as Scottish.  John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore and last Royal Governor of Virginia, was protrayed by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1765 wearing a pistol strikingly similar to these two.  Another nearly identical pair was carried by General Israel Putnam during the American Revolution.  He captured them at the very beginning of hostilities on April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord from Major John Pitcairn of the British Marines, also a Scot." ...

* Metropolitan Museum of Art > Stone Gallery of Arms and Armor
"Pair of Flintlock Pistols  Steel and silver  Alexander Campbell (d. 1790)  Scottish (Doune), ca. 1750-70
The Highland warriors of Scotland carried distinctive arms of novel design.  Their pistols, unlike those made elsewhere in Great Britain, were constructed entirely from metal, usually steel, and were engraved and often silver-inlaid with geometric and foliate ornament of Celtic inspiration.  This pair, signed by the renowned gunmaker Campbell of Doune, Perthshire, is a classic example of the type.  Among the defining features are the scrolled 'ram's-horn' butts, button-shaped triggers (without trigger guards) and prickers (to clean the touchhole), decorative pierced rosettes behind the head of the cock, and belt hooks mounted on the side opposite the locks.
    "These pistols are also noteworthy for their American association.  The grips bear silver plaques inscribed Abrm B. Embury / New York 1830, identifying them as having belonged to a member of a distinguished New York family.  The pistols' unusually crisp condition testifies to their preservation as treasured heirlooms for almost two centuries." ...

* Fort Pitt Museum
"Scottish Pistol, ca. 1773-1776
All-steel pistols were favored by Scottish officers in the British army.  This piece was made by John Shiels who worked in Edinburgh, 1773-1776." ...

* Museum of Scotland > Scotland Transformed

* Denix #G1246
event photos​
Royal Armouries Museum > War Gallery *
"Flintlock pistol  Scottish, Doune, about 1720  By John Campbell  This is an early example of a pistol made at Doune, a gun-making centre near Stirling. It is traditionally said to have been taken from the body of Col. MacGillivray, leader of the Clan Chatten, at the battle of Culloden in 1746."

​* Royal Armouries Museum > War Gallery
"Pair of flintlock pistols  Scottish, Stirling, about 1755  By John Christie  These pistols combine traditional Scottish motifs with the then fashionable rococo style. The all-steel stocks are of English rather than Scottish type." ...​
​Royal Armouries Museum > War Gallery *
"Pair of flintlock pistols  Scottish, Doune, about 1760  By John Murdoch  These all-metal pistols are of traditional Scottish form with 'ram's-horn' butts and a belt-hook.  The silver plaques bear the crest of Montgomerie." ...

* Royal Armouries Museum > War Gallery
"Flintlock military pistol Scottish, Doune, about 1750  by Alexander Campbell  The pistol's steel stock is inlaid with interlaced patterns of silver wire, a common decorative style for Highland pistols.  The maker's name and the Latin inscription 'Duni fecit' (made in Doune) are marked on the lockplate.  The butt bears an unknown owner's monogram, 'MM'." ...

* Royal Armouries Museum > War Gallery
"Flintlock military pistol  English, Birmingham, about 1780  By Isaac Bissell  All-metal pistols in the Scottish fashion were made for the Highland regiments of the British army.  This example is marked RHR for the Royal Highland Regiment (The Black Watch)." ...