Forensic Fashion
(c) 2006-present R. Macaraeg


>Costume Studies
>>1745 Scot. ceann-cinnidh
Subjectceann-cinnidh clan chief
Culture: Scottish Highlander
Setting: Jacobite rebellions, Highland regiments, Scotland late 17th-18thc

Event Photos

* Cannan 2009 p85
​"Whisky toasting was (and still is) an important ritual in Scotland.  Every visit to another's house and any public occasion called for a glass raised.  That is not to say that the Highland charge was carried out by men who were drunk - but a dram before combat must have gone a long way to instil [sic] the right kind of mood needed for the launching of a wild head-on attack."

Primary Sources

* Pittock 2016 p120-121
"The framing of the Jacobite period began with the political cartoon.  From the early eighteenth century on, in a typology strongly reinforced in 1745 and revisited in the Bute and Wilkes era of the 1760s, the Scot was seen as often potentially if not actually disloyal, and was associated with aggression, hairiness, infestation, lust, the kilt, and starvation (although paradoxically Scots were also presented as physically large.  Irrespective of origin or ability to speak Gaelic, such figures were often characterized as 'Highlanders': for example, Wolfe describes both Lord Kilmarnock and the Franco-Irish Brigadier Stapleton as 'Highlanders' in the aftermath of Culloden.  David Morier's An Incident in the Rebellion of 1745 remains one of the most famous images from the immediate aftermath of the battle, which characterizes this point of view and provides a crossover between the political cartoon and 'high' art.  Morier, who was largely a military painter, enjoyed Cumberland's patronage from 1743 onwards and may have been present at the battle: certainly it is likely that the painting used captured Jacobites as models.  An Incident may have been one of a group of four done for Cumberland portraying military prowess in different nations.  It portrays advancing Jacobite troops making contact with Barrell's grenadier company on the British front line.  Among all the swords, targes, or Lochaber axes, there is not a gun to be seen on the Jacobite side, which is composed of large and virile men: two of the three chins we can see are unshaven, while a fallen Highlander has his right leg artistically raised at the knee so that his naked and muscular thigh is visible.  It is not quite apparent, but strongly suggested, that he wears nothing under his kilt."

Secondary Sources

Field Notes

1. Angel Sword claymore
2. Windlass #501435
3. Cold Steel #88SB
4. Hanwei #SH 1048
5. Windlass #500922
6. Tote's Toasties