Subject: Bauer farmer/peasant
Culture: Bavarian German
Setting: Biergartens, Oktoberfest late 19thc and after
Context (Event Photos, Primary Sources, Secondary Sources, Period Sources)
* Racinet 1988 p260
"The land that we know as Bavaria contains a variety of different people. Strictly speaking, the real Bavarians inhabit the south-eastern region up to the great River Lech; beyond it are the Serbs. The Franconians, who are mixed descendants of the Franks, occupy northern Bavaria and are noted for their grace and the elegance of their costume. The people of southern Bavaria are more influenced by their near neighbors, the Italians."
* Mann 1950 p88
"Favourite costumes worn by the men of South Germany include a jacket, tunic, or long coat of cloth or velvet; knee-breeches of cloth or leather, decorated stockings, and a felt or straw hat, or sometimes a cap. Girdles, collars, and neckerchiefs of special design and make are worn on festive occasions. ... Both men and women pay great attention to the embroidery on their clothes, and this is usually very colourful and beautifully sewn. Buttons, clasps, brooches, and other ornamental jewellery -- often of great age and value -- are owned by these peasants."
* Fashion 2019 p448
"LEDERHOSEN Traditional leather shorts with suspenders, worn by men in the high-altitude Alpine areas of Germany and Austria ...."
"LODEN A thick, napped wool fabric made in Austria and Germany, used for coats and jackets and typically dyed forest green; also a coat made from this fabric, with a long pleat at the back."
* Racinet 1988 p260
"Jackets are brightly coloured with padded, puffed sleeves. ...
"Normally peasants dress simply in a jacket without cut or tails, but on Sundays they wear a dark blue morning-coat with an upright collar and silver buttons. The waistcoat, which is normally bright red, is decorated with coloured silk in between the metal buttons.
"In fact, the metal buttons are coins and on a night of revelry will be cut off the morning coat or waistcoat as payment. Many men now wear trousers, though there are some who still adhere to the traditional lederhosen."