Forensic Fashion
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>Costume Studies
>>490BC Greek hoplites
>>>helmets
Subject: ὁπλίτης heavy infantry hoplite 
Culture: Classical Greek
Setting: late Archaic, Persian wars, Aegean 7th-5thc BC
Object: helmets









Corinthian

* Snodgrass 1999 illustration 20
"The 'Corinthian' was the commonest form of helmet in the age of the hoplite.  It was beaten out from a single sheet of bronze and represents considerable advance in technique."

* Weapon 2006 p41
"The hoplite wearing his Corinthian helmet would have been a frightening sight to any opponent: a pair of glaring eyes behind stylized cutouts in the helmet face.  A large horsehair crest was typically attached to the crown of the helmet to make the soldier look more impressive, as well as providing a means of identification in the thick of battle."








Chalcidian

* Snodgrass 1999 illustration 24
"Bronze helmet of the Chalcidian type.  Closely related to the Corinthian form, this helmet had the advantage of leaving the wearer's ears unobstructed."









Illyrian

* Snodgrass 1999 p52
 "Another common form ... is the so-called 'Illyrian' helmet, in fact a purely Greek type which perhaps originated somewhere in the Peloponnese in the earlier seventh century, and only later found its way to Illyria and other barbarian lands.  It too leaves the wearer's face open, but it has a distinct cheek-piece projecting downwards from the headpiece, as well as the low neck-guard.  The helmet was made in two pieces, joining over the crown.  The crest was always of the kind which lay directly on the helmet; thus it protected the one point of weakness, and the parallel ridges which kept the crest in place are a good identifying feature."