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>Costume Studies
>>1821 Greek klepht
>>>context
Subjectκλέφτης klepht[is] / palikari bandit
Culture: Roumeli Greek
Setting: banditry, Roumelia 18th-19thc






Events

* Sugar 1977 p255-256
"Among those who lived under Ottoman rule not only the literary tradition of their long history was lost, but literacy declined catastrophically to the point that most parish clergymen were practically illiterates.  The literary activity of the Greek on the Turkish-dominated mainland practically disappeared for two centuries.  What was left was folk literature expressing itself first in the demotic songs and later in the Klephtika, ballads sung to celebrate the deeds of the klephts."


Period Art

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Mooning

* Gerolymatos 2002 p111
"The klephts favored another curious element of ritual as well.  Skirmishes were frequently preceded by exchanges of verbal abuse.  Slanders against the honor of the opponents' womenfolk, couched in the appropriate sexual terms, appear to have been a favorite of the brigands.  Boasts and name-calling were also quite popular.  Occasionally, these exchanges were accompanied by obscene gestures.  References exist to klephts who had been wounded in the buttocks while 'mooning' their opponents."

* Elgood 2009 p313 n43
"The Greeks, like the Scots, used to indicate their contempt for their defeated enemies by baring their naked bottoms at them.  The idea of a dasypygal man being braver than a smooth one is expressed in the word malliarokolos ( Μαλλιαρóκωλos, 'hairy-arsed') to denote 'brave'."