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>Costume Studies
>>1722 Bugis warrior






















Subject: warrior
Culture: Bugis, Malay-Bugis
Setting: Sulawesi, Riau 17-19thc





Context

* Ricklefs 1993 p65
"Arung Palakka's campaigning did not end with the victory over Gowa.  He waged a series of campaigns against recalcitrant states, which brought much hardship to the people and damage to the lands of South Sulawesi.  He also took an army to Java to aid the VOC during the Trunajaya war.  It was largely because of these devastating campaigns and Arung Palakka's authoritarian rule that large numbers of Makasarese and Bugis fled from South Sulawesi in his reign.  They took to their ships like marauding Vikings in search of honour, wealth and new homes.  They intervened in the affairs of Lombok, Sumbawa, Kalimantan, Java, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and even Siam.  Well into the eighteenth century these fierce warriors were the scourge of the archipelago."


Kris Dagger

* Wagner 1988 p157
"In southern Celebes the hilt has changed its shape.  Whilst the hilt of the Javanese kris is straight and only gently curved, the one from southern Celebes is sharply curved.  This variation can be explained by the fact that different basic forms determined its development; in Java the human figure, but in southern Celebes an animal figure.  The kris found in Malacca also displays a certain affinity with that from southern Celebes, whilst the sizes that are most commonly met with bear Javanese names.  Even the armourer himself is designated by the Javanese word pande."