"By the 1660s, buccaneers were more amphibious raiders than privateersmen, and their dress changed accordingly. Many of the discharged soldiers who accompanied Christopher Myngs on his raid on Santiago in 1662 wore their old military uniforms .... This introduced a practical form of military dress, and by the late 1660s, buccaneers bore more of a similarity to contemporary soldiers than sailors. Coats cut in a military style became popular attire, and with variations based on a woolen or canvas coat or vest which extended to the calf. The cut changed over the years in line with contemporary fashion .... Footwear and even stockings are depicted, as are leather sandals and boots. Following a successful raid, the buccaneers would take clothing as part of their plunder, which further added to their eclectic appearance. Above all, they carried weaponry and the accoutrements of war, and regardless of any other aspect of their appearance, this was the first thing which observers noticed about them."
* Konstam ill. McBride 2000 p18-20
"Unlike firearms, which were fairly standard throughout the time period, swords were a matter of personal style and taste. An examination of contemporary or near-contemporary illustrations reveals that the buccaneers carried a wide variety of edged weapons. 'Hangers' were a form of hunting sword adapted for military or naval use, and were the most popular form of blade, although by the end of the buccaneer period they had developed into a weapon resembling the true naval cutlass. Broadswords or other heavy blades were also popular, underlying the buccaneer preference for 'cut' rather than 'thrust' weapons.... The heavier swords carried by the buccaneers gave them a distinct advantage in hand-to-hand combat [over Spanish officers using rapiers and smallswords]." [CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION: If so, why do Konstam and McBride reconstruct buccaneers using rapiers and smallswords on p34, 35, 36, 37, 38-39, and 41?]